Traveling on a plane is an exciting part of going on a holiday. No matter what destination you are travelling to, flights are available to every location. There have been many planes in history which have transformed aviation. Here are some of the many planes which have made a significant impact on the world of aviation:
1905 Wright Flyer III
Made by the Wright Brothers, the 1905 Wright Flyer III was the first plane in history that could practically be flown. Although the Wright Brothers had made earlier models, it was the 1905 Wright Flyer III which had an independent three-axis control. Compared to the other planes that they had designed, the 1905 Wright Flyer III had seats for the pilot and two passengers. The 1905 Wright Flyer III has since been restored and is currently on display at Wright Hall in Ohio.
The Spitfire was first flown in 1938 and continued to be used by the RAF until the mid-1950s. Over 20,000 Spitfires were manufactured and many are still being flown today. The Spitfire played a vital role during the Battle of Britain. From July-October 1940, the Spitfire was often outnumbered by the Luftwaffe but the Battle of Britain was still won. At the time, Britain was fighting solo in the Second World War and the Spitfire helped to stop a Nazi invasion. Although other planes played a vital role during World War II, such as the Hurricane, the Spitfire was the most significant plane which the RAF had at the time.
The world’s first Supersonic jet, Concorde had its maiden commercial flight in 1976. With a maximum speed of 1,330mph, Concorde could travel across the Atlantic in approximately three hours. In 1996, Concorde flew to JFK Airport from London Heathrow in less than three hours. With twenty Concorde’s made, it has been grounded since 2003 after a fatal crash but many models are held in various museums around the world.
With a capacity of over 800, the Airbus A380 was the biggest passenger plane of its kind when it was first launched in 2007. It also had seating on two decks. As a result of its massive design, the Airbus A380 is housed in specially made hangers. Since 2007, over sixty Airbus A380’s have been made and are flown by many airline companies including Air France and Singapore Airlines. As the Airbus A380 revolutionised aircraft design, it is expected that many other airline architects will be inspired to create even bigger and better planes.
Spirit of St Louis
In 1927, the Spirit of St Louis became the first plane in history to fly non-stop across the Atlantic. The pilot, Charles Lindbergh, became a massive celebrity in his native United States. As with other planes that are infamous in the world of aviation, the original Spirit of St Louis can be viewed in a museum – it is currently housed at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C.
First flown commercially by Pan American Airlines, the Boeing 747 made affordable overseas travel possible because it was the largest passenger plane of its kind. Prior to Boeing 747’s first flight on the 22nd January 1970, it was very expensive to buy a plane ticket. On that day, it had over three hundred passengers. Since then, many other planes have adopted its design, such as the Airbus A380.
Aircrafts are not only flown professionally but also by amateurs. Many websites exist which enable amateur aircraft owners to maintain their planes such as www.aerovintagespares.com and trade-a-plane.com. For more information, visit their websites and take a look at the many brand new and second hand parts that can be bought.