This morning, the nonpartisan Tax Foundation released an updated report of sales taxes throughout the states in 2014. Using a population-weighted average of local sales taxes, the report details the combined state and local sales tax rates for each state and explains how sales taxes fit into a state’s overall tax structure.
Additionally, the report details the significant recent changes that have taken place in states’ treatments of sales taxes.
The key findings include:
• 45 states collect statewide sales taxes.
• 38 states collect local sales taxes.
• The five states with the highest average combined state-local sales tax rates are Tennessee (9.45 percent), Arkansas (9.19 percent), Louisiana (8.89 percent), Washington (8.88 percent), and Oklahoma (8.72 percent).
• Virginia, Arkansas, Ohio, and Maine have recently raised sales tax rates.
• Arizona, Kansas, and the District of Columbia have recently cut sales tax rates.
• Sales taxes rates differ by states, but sales tax bases also impact how much revenue is collected from a tax and how the tax effects the economy.
• Differences in sales tax rates cause consumers to shop across borders or buy products online.
“Sales taxes are some of the most easily understood taxes because every time a consumer makes a purchase, they can see the rate on the receipt” says Tax Foundation economist Scott Drenkard.
Our study addresses the fact that 38 states allow local governments to levy sales taxes within their jurisdiction. These local rates, when combined with the statewide rates, can result in substantially larger tax bites.
“Of course, sales taxes are just one part of an overall tax structure and should be considered in context,” adds Drenkard. “For example, Washington State has high sales taxes but no income tax; Oregon has no sales tax but high income taxes. While many factors influence business location and investment decisions, sales taxes are something within policymakers' control that can have immediate impacts.”